What Is Eczema? Symptoms, Causes, and Preventions

Aulia Hafisa
Eczema illustration (McCutcheon/Unplash)
Eczema illustration (McCutcheon/Unplash) - Atopic Dermatitis, also known as atopic Eczema is a skin disease characterized by symptoms such as dry skin, persistent itching, and red rashes on the skin. This condition can appear in several areas of the body and generally occurs around the face, legs, and arms. 

Atopic Dermatitis Symptoms

Each sufferer can experience different symptoms. In toddlers, symptoms of this disease include scaly, red, and crusty skin around the cheeks, scalp, hands, and feet. 

Meanwhile, in children and adults, the most frequent symptom of atopic eczema is a red rash, that feels very itchy in the back of the neck, knees, and elbows.

Other symptoms of atopic dermatitis that can also be felt are,

  • Scaly and dry skin
  • Rashes that protrude and ooze
  • The skin on the palms or under the eyes is wrinkled or wrinkled
  • The skin around the eyes becomes darker
  • The skin is cracked, peeled, and bleeding
  • The itchiness that appears at night is worse, and if you scratch it, the skin will become thicker, pitted or pockmarked, and darken. And if you continuously scratch the problematic skin area, it can trigger an infection.

Causes of Atopic Dermatitis

Eczema illustration (Shutterstock)
Eczema illustration (Shutterstock)

Atopic dermatitis (eczema) occurs due to multifactorial interactions, such as genetic (hereditary) factors, environment, impaired skin barrier function, immunology, and infection. Several factors are thought to trigger atopic dermatitis, such as:

  • Irritation
  • Allergies and hormonal changes
  • The clothing material used

Treatment and Prevention of Atopic Dermatitis

Treatment of apothecary dermatitis (eczema) aims to relieve symptoms that appear in patients, such as redness, itchy skin, and infection. Treatment methods vary, including drugs, therapy, and self-care at home.

To prevent atopic dermatitis, there are several things that need to be done, such as:

  • Avoid exposure to allergens or eat foods that cause allergies.
  • Using soap or shampoo that is suitable and safe for our body's skin
  • Perform regular skincare routine
  • Wear clothes that are soft and comfortable
  • Avoid stress.

Tag # eczema # what is eczema # eczema symptoms # eczema treatments # eczema prevention # health # atopic dermatitis # skin inflamation

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