What Is The Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

Aulia Hafisa
Illustration of diabetes (Shutterctock)
Illustration of diabetes (Shutterctock) - Diabetes is a chronic disease caused by a high level of blood sugar. Glucose or sugar is an important supply for the body. It is used for the formation of energy, but with an amount that does not exceed the limit. 

Quoting Halodoc, there are several types of diabetes and the two of them are sometimes difficult to distinguish. That is type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Although these two diseases are caused by blood sugar levels, they are actually different. Check out the difference here!

The main difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic condition that appears early in life, and type 2 is caused by a lifestyle that develops over time. Here's the complete difference between type 1 and 2 diabetes!

1. Type 1 Diabetes Is Autoimmune, While Type 2 Diabetes Is Not

Insulin is a hormone that can help convert sugar from food consumed into energy. Therefore, when there is insufficient insulin in the body, there will be a buildup of blood sugar which triggers health problems in the body.

In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin at all because of the presence of autoimmune which makes the immune system attacks the cells in the body. Including the pancreas which is the body's organ that produces insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the body still produces insulin, but in small amounts. That is one of the differences between diabetes 1 and 2.

2. Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Varies

Diabetes Illustration
Diabetes Illustration

In type 1 diabetes, the person's body does not produce insulin properly, so they have to do regular insulin injections. Meanwhile, people with type 2 diabetes have more varied treatment options, including losing weight or taking medication. The goal is to make the body produce more insulin levels than usual or lower blood sugar levels in your body.

3. Type 1 Diabetes Affects More Children

Although this disease can affect anyone, type 1 diabetes is more common in children. Therefore, make sure your children eat healthy food. Make sure the child's nutrition is properly fulfilled and balanced. Children with type 1 diabetes are likely to develop type 2 diabetes as adults. In particular, when entering the age of 45 years.

4. Type 2 diabetes is related to body weight

Usually, in type 1 diabetes, weight does not cause a person to develop diabetes. However, type 2 diabetes is caused by the body's ability to produce insulin properly. However, people who are overweight have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

5. People with Type 2 Diabetes Avoid Sweet Foods

People with type 1 diabetes usually inject insulin so that their insulin levels are more stable. Meanwhile, people with type 2 diabetes do not inject insulin, but it is better to avoid consuming too much sweet food.

Even though there are significant differences between people with type 1 and 2 diabetes, both sufferers should need to regulate the content of the food consumed so that their health is better maintained.

Don't hesitate to do a physical examination early on, so that your health is maintained and you can avoid diabetes 1 and 2. 

Tag # diabetes # what is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes # type 1 and type 2 diabetes # diabetes type 1 # diabetes type 2 # health

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