What Is Considered a High IQ? Here Is Everything You Need To Know
TheIndonesia.id - IQ or intelligence quotient is a tool to measure intellectual ability and potential. IQ tests are designed to demonstrate cognitive skills, such as reasoning, logic, and problem-solving. In order to know the IQ that a person has, a test must be carried out by professionals. So, what is considered a high IQ?
It should be noted that a person's IQ only represents the comparison with other people of the same age.
What IQ Score is Categorized as High?
A score of 116 or more is considered above average. Quoting from Healthline, a score of 130 or higher is included in a high IQ.
Basically, a high score means a higher IQ than most people of the same age.
Mensa members are the top 2 percent of people who score. Usually, their IQ score is 132 or more. In addition, in theory, there is also no limit to the IQ score.
What is the Average IQ Score?
IQ tests have undergone significant changes over the decades to correct for biases in gender, race, social, and cultural norms.
There are currently several versions of the IQ test used. The scoring methods may differ, but both categorize an IQ score of 100 as average.
The IQ score has the shape of a bell curve. The top of the bell represents the average score of 100, while the lower and higher scores are on either side.
Most people's IQ scores are in the middle of the bell curve, which is between 85 and 115. Overall, about 98 percent of people have an IQ score below 130.
What Does an IQ Score Show?
IQ scores indicate some of these abilities:
- Reasoning ability
- Speed of processing information
- Ability to process visual-spatial information
- Mathematical skills
A high IQ score means better than average reasoning and problem-solving skills and likely indicates intellectual potential.
Meanwhile, an IQ of 70 or below shows limited intellectual function. However, the IQ score doesn't say everything. It takes tests of social, practical, and conceptual skills to measure intellectuality.
What Affects IQ Scores?
The IQ test still has a lot of controversies, so it's best not to use that number as a measurement of a person's intelligence. IQ scores are also influenced by the following factors:
- Access to education
- Culture and environment
It should be underlined that IQ cannot accurately predict one's success because there are many influential variables.
In addition, when taking an IQ test several times, a person can get a variety of scores.